Benevento About this sound listen is a city and comune of Campania, Italy, capital of the province of Benevento, 50 kilometres northeast of Naples. It is situated on a hill 130 metres above sea-level at the confluence of the Calore Irpino and the Sabato. It is also the seat of a Roman Catholic archbishop.Benevento occupies the site of the ancient Beneventum, originally Maleventum or still earlier Maloenton. The "-vent" portion of the name probably refers to a market-place and is a common element in ancient place names. The Romans theorized that it meant "the site of bad events", from Mal(um) + eventum. In the imperial period it was supposed to have been founded by Diomedes after the Trojan War.Due to its artistic and cultural significance, the Santa Sofia's Church in Benevento has been recently declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site as part of a group of seven inscribed as Longobards in Italy. Places of the power.