Gwalior is a historical and major city in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. It is located to the south of Agra, 319 kilometres south of Delhi the capital city of India, and 423 kilometres north of Bhopal, the state capital. Gwalior occupies a strategic location in the Gird region of India, and the city and its fortress have served as the center of several of historic northern Indian kingdoms. It is famous for tansen which has changed hands many times. From the Tomaras in the 8th century, it passed to the Mughals, then the Marathas under the Scindias.Besides being the Administrative Headquarters of Gwalior district and Gwalior division, Gwalior also hosts some administrative offices of Chambal Division. Gwalior also hosts several Administrative Headquarters of the State as well the Country; Few of them are The High Court of Madhya-Pradesh, Office of The Narcotics Commissioner of India, Office of The Accountant-General of Madhya-Pradesh, Office of The President-Board of Revenue of Madhya-Pradesh, Office of The Transport-Commissioner of Madhya-Pradesh, Office of The Commissioner-Land Records & Settlements Madhya-Pradesh, Office of The State Excise Commissioner of Madhya-Pradesh etc. Gwalior also hosts Premiere Government Institutions like Defense Research & Development Establishment(DRDE), Country's only Border Security Force Academy, National Cadet Corps Officer's Training Academy(OTA). Gwalior also features a major Indian Air Force Station, A major Indian Army Cantonment, Central Intelligence Bureau HO. Numerous Colleges and Universities are located in Gwalior including IIITM Gwalior, IITTM Gwalior, Jiwaji University, Raja ManSingh Tomar Music University,Scindia School, J.C.Mill's School, Birlanagar.Gwalior is surrounded by industrial and commercial zones of neighbouring districts on all three main directions. Gwalior is one of the largest city of Central India and is often referred to as the tourist capital of the Madhya-Pradesh; The State being called as The Heart of Incredible India.Gwalior Airport, also called Rajmata Vijya Raje Scindia Vimantal, is the airport of Gwalior. It has an Indian Air Force Base which stations Mirage fighters.