Ottaviano is a comune in the Province of Naples in the Italian region Campania, located about 20 km east of Naples and is located in the Vesuvian Area. Ottaviano was in Roman times a hamlet of houses within a vast estate belonging to the gens Octavia, Augustus's family. As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 23,572 and an area of 19.8 km².The territory of the country includes most of the crater of Vesuvius. The city of Ottaviano contains the frazioni Furchi, San Gennarello, and Zabatta.Ottaviano borders the following municipalities: Boscotrecase, Ercolano, Nola, San Gennaro Vesuviano, San Giuseppe Vesuviano, Somma Vesuviana, Terzigno, Torre del Greco, Trecase. In Ottaviano, in the Medici Castle, is located the headquarters of the National Park of Vesuvius.Ottaviano suffered significant destruction during the 1944 eruption of neighboring Mount Vesuvius. Now the city is home to the center office of Vesuvius National Park. In late 1980, Ottaviano was firmly under the control of the Camorra.