Ghana, officially called the Republic of Ghana, is a sovereign state and unitary presidential constitutional republic, located along the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean, in West Africa. The country is bordered by the Ivory Coast in the west, Burkina Faso in the north, Togo in the east and the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean in the south. The word Ghana means "Warrior King". Prior to colonization by the British in the mid-19th century, Ghana was the site of numerous kingdoms and empires. In 1957, it became the first African nation to declare independence from European colonization. This made Ghana the symbol of Black achievement and it sparked the interest of other African Nations to seek independence as well; it also had a great influence on Pan-Africanism and the Black Pride movements in the United States of America.Ghana has a land mass of 238,535 km2, with 2,093 kilometres of international land borders. It is a democratic constitutional republic divided into ten administrative regions, with a multiethnic population of around 24 million as of 2010. Its varied geography includes savannas, woodlands, forests, a coastal line, springs, cave systems, mountains, estuaries, wildlife parks, and nature reserves. The coast of Ghana, which is comprised mainly of sandy beaches, stretches 560 kilometres and includes a rich assortment of culturally significant castles, forts, ports and harbours.One of the most stable and developed countries in Africa, Ghana's economy is among the largest in the continent and one of the fastest growing in the world. It is a significant petroleum and natural gas producer, one of the world's largest gold and diamond producers, and the second largest producer of cocoa in the world. Ghana is home to Lake Volta, the largest artificial lake in the world by surface area. Ghana is a regional power in West Africa, a founding member of the Non-Aligned Movement, and a member of both the Economic Community of West African States and the Group of 24.

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Official languages

Population27 Million

Area238535.0 km2

Calling code00233

CurrencyGHS

Time ZoneUTC

Exchange rate

EUR 4.65 ₵

USD 4.32 ₵

GBP 5.49 ₵

JPY 3.8 ₵

CNY 0.57 ₵

Nearby countries