1. Home
  2. Mauritania

Mauritania /mɔrɪˈteɪniə/, officially the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, is a country in the Maghreb region of western North Africa. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean in the west, by Moroccan-controlled Western Sahara in the north, by Algeria in the northeast, by Mali in the east and southeast, and by Senegal in the southwest. It is named after the ancient Berber Kingdom of Mauretania, which existed long ago in the far north of modern-day Morocco. The capital and largest city of Mauritania is Nouakchott, located on the Atlantic coast.The government of Mauritania was overthrown on August 6, 2008, in a military coup d'état led by General Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz. On 16 April 2009, General Aziz resigned from the military to run for president in the 19 July elections, which he won.In Mauritania about 20% of the population live on less than US$1.25 per day. Slavery in Mauritania has been called a major human rights issue, with over 150,000 people – proportionally the highest for any country – being enslaved against their will, especially enemies of the government. Higher estimates suggest 10% to 20% of the population is enslaved. Additional human rights concerns in Mauritania include female genital mutilation, child labour, and human trafficking.

Cities to visit in Mauritania

Discover the main cities in Mauritania and find your next travel destination

Places to see

Find the best destinations, monuments and travel tips in Mauritania.

Find the best way to get to Mauritania

Are you ready to take off? Find the best deals for trains and flights to Mauritania

Main airports
Why choose Wanderio?

Save time: book flights, trains, buses and taxi in just one search

Best price guarantee: find cheap tickets and last minute deals

Need for help? Our support team is always at your disposal

Official languages

Population3.55 Million

Area1030700.0 km2

Calling code00222


Time ZoneUTC

Exchange rate

EUR 388.8 UM

USD 359.4 UM

GBP 445.8 UM

JPY 323.2 UM

CNY 52.0 UM

Nearby countries

Connections to Mauritania