Jabalpur, formerly known as Jubbulpore, is one of the major cities of Madhya Pradesh state in India. It is the third largest urban agglomeration in Madhya Pradesh and the 38th largest urban agglomeration in India as per the 2011 census statistics. Its old name was thought to be Jabalipuram but, in actuality, it was Jubbulgarh. It was later changed to Jubbulpore during British Governance and is now simplified as Jabalpur.It is bordered by Katni to the north, Umaria to the north-east, Dindori to the east, Mandla to the south-east, Seoni to the south, Narsimhapur to the south-west and Damoh to the north-west. Jabalpur is the administrative headquarters of both the Jabalpur district and the Jabalpur division.Historically a center of the Kalchuri and Gond dynasties, Jabalpur developed a syncretic culture influenced by the intermittent reigns of the Maratha and Mughal empires. In the early nineteenth century, it was gradually annexed in British India as Jubbulpore and incorporated as a major cantonment town. Post-independence, there have been demands for a separate state of Mahakoshal with Jabalpur as its capital.Jabalpur was also the epicenter of a major earthquake in 1997. Jabalpur is known for its picturesque marble rock formations on the banks of the river Narmada. Because it is the army headquarters of five states, one sixth of the city is occupied by the Ministry of Defence.Jabalpur is also the birthplace of Maharishi Mahesh Yogi. Several important federal and state institutions are located in Jabalpur, including the premier technology institute and the oldest in central India, the Jabalpur Engineering College; the Indian Institute of Information Technology, Design and Manufacturing, Jabalpur; the Government NSCB Medical College Hospital.Important institutions and organisations such as the Madhya Pradesh High Court; 4 Indian Ordnance Factories of the gigantic Ordnance Factories Board; the Madhya Pradesh State Electricity Board, Tropical Forest Research Institute and the zonal headquarters of the West Central Railway.